Last update: 19-November-2014

Marc Artzrouni's Professional Home Page

Department of Mathematics - UMR CNRS 5142
University of Pau and the Adour Region (BP 1155)
64013 Pau Cedex
FRANCE
Marc.Artzrouni@univ-pau.fr; tel: + 33 - (0)5 59 40 75 50

HIGHLIGHTS

1. Positions held
i. American period (1981-1993) (Drexel University (Pennsylvania), Census Bureau, Washington, DC, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Clemson Universty (South Carolina), Loyola University (New Orleans)). Research in mathematical demography, (c1-c6), demo-economic modeling (e1-e2), matrix analysis (b1-b2), mathematical epidemiology (HIV/AIDS) (d1-d2).

ii. French period (1993-present) (University of Pau). Move to France to work with a medical entomologist on the modeling of sleeping sickness (a10, b3-b7, b9). More work on HIV/AIDS modeling (d9, b8), matrix analysis (a9, a11), classical analysis (a13), biomathematics and mathematical economics.

This research has resulted in 50 publications in international journals of mathematics, biomathematics, biology, epidemiology, demography, and economics/history (see list below).

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Basque Coast Multidisciplinary Summer School (July 11-18, 2015)

I am in the process of setting up the university's English-language multidisciplinary summer school. The school will be held at our Atlantic Coast Campus near the Spanish border, just outside Biarritz.

Click here for more details and feel free to contact me if you are interested in offering a course (Marc.Artzrouni@univ-pau.fr).

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2. Recent papers
[b13] M. Artzrouni, N. Teichert and T. Mara (2014) A Leslie matrix model for Sicyopterus lagocephalus in La Réunion: Sensitivity, uncertainty and research prioritization, Mathematical Biosciences, 256: 18-27.

[e7] M. Artzrouni and F. Tramontana (2014) The debt trap: a two compartment train wreck...and how to avoid it, Journal of Policy Modeling, 36: 241-256.

[b12] M. Artzrouni and E. Deuchert (2012) Consistent partnership formation: Application to a sexually transmitted disease model Mathematical Biosciences, 235: 182-188.

[d11] M. Artzrouni C.B. Begg, R. Chabiniok, et. al. (2011) The first international workshop on the role and impact of mathematics in medicine: A collective account ; Am J Transl Res 2011;3(5):492-497.

[b10] M. Artzrouni and E. Deuchert (2010) Do men and women have the same average number of lifetime partners? Mathematical Population Studies, Vol 17, no 4: 242-256.

3. Conference organized
Organization of an international conference on The Role and Impact of Mathematics in Medicine held in Paris on 10-12, June 2010.

4. Editorial activities
I am the Founding Editor in 1988 (and editor until 2002) of Mathematical Population Studies, an international journal of mathematical demography published by Taylor and Francis.

5. Teaching
Since 1981 I have taught in four American and French universities a broad range of applied math courses (calculus, applied statistics, modeling, operations research, matrix analysis).
I have practically not touched a piece of chalk in the last 10 years of my teaching. I use a video projector to project live, interactive lectures prepared with MathCad, a mathematical software designed for engineers but very well suited to teaching.
The problem with too much convenient technology is that students become passive in the learning process. This happens for example if one provides complete lecture notes, either as hard copies or on the Internet. In 2004 I therefore started experimenting with a concept that combines the benefits of new technologies with those that come in the process of writing down notes in long hand. I provide students in advance with lecture notes "full of holes" to be filled by hand during the lecture. This avoids the time-consuming task of writing down routine material. Having to write by hand focuses the mind and helps concentrate on the important stuff. Student feedback suggests that they like this compromise.
This approach is experimental and I would like to hear from anyone with any thoughts on the best ways to use new instructional technologies in the delivery of lectures. Click here to access more info and sample MathCad files. (MathCad needed on your computer).

 

BIOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION
Place of Birth: Greenwich, Connecticut, USA
Marital Status: Married, two children.
Nationalities: US and French.
Languages: Native English and French (courses taught and papers written in both languages).

EDUCATION
University of Pau (France):
“Habilitation” in Applied Mathematics ("Mathematical Tools in Population Dynamics: Application to Demography, Biology, and Economics"). December 1992. (Post Ph.D. degree based on the presentation of a body of research; required in France to become full professor and to direct Ph.D. theses).

University of Paris V (Sorbonne):
Doctorate in Applied Mathematics ("Iterative Processes in Population Dynamics: Application to Easterlin's theory"). April 1981.

University of Grenoble (France):
Master's Degree in Applied Mathematics (Statistics, Applied Algebra and Operations Research). June 1978.
Bachelor's Degree in Mathematics. June 1976.

EMPLOYMENT HISTORY
September 1993 - present: Professor, Department of Mathematics, University of Pau, France.

Aug. 1988 - Aug.1993: Associate Professor; Department of Mathematics and Computer Science; Loyola University, New Orleans, Louisiana. USA. Chairman of Department during the academic year 1992-1993.

Aug. 1986- Aug. 1988: Visiting Assistant Professor; Department of Mathematical Sciences, Clemson University, Clemson, South Carolina.

June 1984 - June 1986: Post-doc; Department of Biostatistics; School of Public Health; University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

Nov. 1982 - Nov. 1983: Mathematical Statistician in the Statistical Research Division of the Census Bureau (Washington, DC). Research on the census undercount.

Sept. 1981 -Sept. 1982: Postdoctoral Fellow; Department of Mathematical Sciences, Drexel University (Philadelphia, PA).

INTERNSHIPS
Oct. 1979 - Dec. 1979: Intern in the Office of Statistics at UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization, Paris, France). Work on mathematical models for the comparison of urban and rural enrollment rates.

Sept. 1978 - Oct. 1978: Summer intern with the Economic Commission for Europe at the United Nations, Geneva, Switzerland. Research on econometric models for the comparison of the gross domestic product of different countries.

Aug. 1977 - Sept. 1977: Summer intern in the Division of Statistics of the World Health Organization (WHO), Geneva. Research on a mathematical model (multiple logistic function) to estimate the risk of myocardial infarctions.

PUBLICATIONS IN INTERNATIONAL JOURNALS
a. Mathematics
[a13] M. Artzrouni (2006) A new family of periodic functions as explicit roots of a class of polynomial equations. Australian Journal of Mathematical Analysis and Applications. Vol 3, Issue 2, 1-16; http://ajmaa.org

[a12] M. Artzrouni (2003) The Local Coefficient of Ergodicity of a Nonnegative Matrix, SIAM Journal of Matrix Analysis and Applications. Vol 25, No 2, 507-516.

[a11] M. Artzrouni and O. Gavart. (2000) Non-linear matrix iterative processes and generalized coefficients of ergodicity. SIAM Journal of Matrix Analysis and Applications. Vol 2, No 4, 1343-1353.

[a10] M. Artzrouni, and JP. Gouteux (1999) A Model for the Spread of Sleeping Sickness, in Applied Mathematical Modeling: A Multidisciplinary Approach, D. R. Shier and K. T. Wallenius (Eds.), CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL, 1999. 71-92 .

a9] M. Artzrouni (1996) On the dynamics of the linear process Y(k)=A(k)Y(k-1) with irreducible matrices A(k). SIAM Journal of Matrix Analysis and Applications, Vol 17, No 4: 822-833.

[a8] M. Artzrouni and X. Li (1995) A note on the coefficient of ergodicity of a column allowable matrix. Linear Algebra and its Applications, 214: 93-101.

[a7] M. Artzrouni (1991) On the growth of infinite products of slowly varying primitive matrices. Linear Algebra and its Applications, 145: 33-57.

[a6] M. Artzrouni and J. Reneke (1990) Stochastic differential equations in mathematical demography: A review. Applied Mathematics and Computation, 38,1: 7-21.

[a5] M. Artzrouni (1987) On the local stability of nonautonomous difference equations in R^n, Journal of Mathematical Analysis and Applications , 122, 2: 519-537.

[a4] M. Artzrouni (1987) Conditions for asymptotically exponential solutions of linear difference equations with variable coefficients, Journal of Mathematical Analysis and Applications, 121, 1: 160-172.

[a3] M. Artzrouni (1986) On the convergence of infinite products of matrices. Linear Algebra and its Applications, 74: 11-21.

[a2] M. Artzrouni (1983) A theorem on products of matrices, Linear Algebra and its Applications, 49: 153-159.

[a1] M. Artzrouni (1981) Les processus itératifs en dynamique des populations et la théorie d'Easterlin. Mathématiques et Sciences Humaines, 76: 33-46.

b. Mathematical biology
[b13] M. Artzrouni, N. Teichert and T. Mara (2014) A Leslie matrix model for Sicyopterus lagocephalus in La Réunion: Sensitivity, uncertainty and research prioritization, Mathematical Biosciences, 256: 18-27.

[b12] M. Artzrouni and E. Deuchert (2012) Consistent partnership formation: Application to a sexually transmitted disease model Mathematical Biosciences, 235: 182-188.

[b11] M. Artzrouni and E. Deuchert (2010) Do men and women have the same average number of lifetime partners? Mathematical Population Studies, Vol 17, no 4: 242-256.

[b10] M. Artzrouni (2009) Transmission probabilities and reproduction numbers for sexually transmitted infections with variable infectivity: Application to the spread of HIV between low- and high-activity populations, Mathematical Population Studies, Vol 16, no 4: 266-287.

[b9] M. Artzrouni and J.P. Gouteux (2006) A parity-structured matrix model for tsetse populations. Mathematical Biosciences, Vol 204, No 2; 214-231. doi:10.1016/j.mbs.2006.08.022

[b8] M. Artzrouni (2004) Back-calculation and projections of the HIV/AIDS epidemic among homosexual/bisexual men in three European countries: evaluation of past projections and updates allowing for treatment effects. European Journal of Epidemiology 19(2); 171-179.

[b7] M. Artzrouni and JP. Gouteux. (2001) Population dynamics of sleeping sickness: A microsimulation. Simulation and Gaming, 32, 2, pp. 215-227.

[b6] M. Artzrouni and JP. Gouteux. (2001) A model of Gambian sleeping sickness with open vector populations. IMA J. Math. Appl. Medicine and Biology. 18, pp. 99-117.

[b5] JP Gouteux, M. Artzrouni, and M. Jarry (2000) Une épidémie mise en équations. La Recherche, No 335; 34-38.

[b4] K. Chalvet-Monfray, M. Artzrouni, JP Gouteux, et al. (1998) A two-patch model of Gambian sleeping sickness: Application to vector control strategies in a village and plantations. Acta Biotheoretica, 46: 207-222.

[b3] M. Artzrouni and JP Gouteux (1996) A Compartmental Model of Sleeping Sickness in Central Africa. Journal of Biological Systems, Vol 4, No : 459-477.

[b2] M. Artzrouni (1992) A modeled time-varying density function for the incubation period of AIDS. Journal of Mathematical Biology. 31:73-99.

[b1] M. Artzrouni (1990) On transient effects in the HIV/AIDS epidemic. Journal of Mathematical Biology, 28: 271-291.

c. Mathematical demography
[c7] M. Artzrouni (2005) Mathematical Demography, Encyclopaedia of Social Sciences, Vol 2. Elsevier Inc.

[c6] M. Artzrouni (1986) Une nouvelle famille de courbes de croissance: application à la transition démographique. Population, 3: 497-509.

[c5] M. Artzrouni (1986) The rate of convergence of a generalized stable population. Journal of Mathematical Biology, 24: 405-422.

[c4] M. Artzrouni (1986) On the dynamics of a population subject to slowly changing vital rates, Mathematical Biosciences, 80: 265-290.

[c3] M. Artzrouni (1985) Generalized stable population theory. Journal of Mathematical Biology, 21: 363-381.

[c2] M. Artzrouni and R. Easterlin (1982) Birth history, age structure, and post -World War II fertility in ten developed countries: an exploratory empirical analysis. Genus, Vol. 38, 3-4: 81-99.

[c1] H. Le Bras and M. Artzrouni (1980) Interférence, indifférence, indépendance. Population, 6: 1123-1144.

d. Biology, medicine, epidemiology
[d11] M. Artzrouni C.B. Begg, R. Chabiniok, et. al. (2011) The first international workshop on the role and impact of mathematics in medicine: A collective account ; Am J Transl Res 2011;3(5):492-497.

[d10]M. Artzrouni and JP. Gouteux (2003) Estimating tsetse population parameters: Application of a mathematical model with density-dependence. Medical and Veterinary Entomology, 17: 272-279.

[d9] UNAIDS Reference Group on Estimates, Modelling and Projections (2002) Improved methods and assumptions for estimation of the HIV/AIDS epidemic and its impact, AIDS, 16:W1-W14.

[d8] JP. Gouteux, M. Artzrouni and M. Jarry. (2001) A model with density-dependant immigration to estimate tsetse fly population by trapping, Bulletin of Entomological Research 91: 177-183.

[d7] M. Artzrouni, and JP. Gouteux (2000) Persistance et résurgence de la maladie du sommeil à Trypanosoma brucei gambiense dans les foyers historiques : approche biomathématique d’une énigme épidémiologique. Comptes Rendus de l’Académie des Sciences. (Sciences de la vie). 323, pp. 351-364.

[d6] M. Artzrouni and JP. Gouteux (1999) Un modèle de transmission de la maladie du sommeil avec population vectorielle ouverte, Annales de la Société Entomologique de France, (N.S.) 35 (suppl.) : 540-548.

[d5] O. Gavart and M. Artzrouni (1998) Estimation des taux de mortalité M et F pour l'anchois: Présentation générale et premiers résultats. Biométrie et Halieutique, Société Française de Biométrie, No 15.

[d4] JP Gouteux and M. Artzrouni (1996) Faut-il ou non un contrôle des vecteurs dans la lutte contre la maladie du sommeil? Une approche biomathématique du problème. Bulletin de la Société de Pathologie Exotique , Vol 89: 299-305.

[d3] M. Artzrouni and JP. Gouteux (1996) Control Strategies for Sleeping Sickness in Central Africa: A Model-based Approach, Tropical Medicine and International Health, Vol 1, No 6: 753-764.

[d2] M. Artzrouni (1990) Projections of the HIV/AIDS epidemic for homosexual/bisexual men in France, the Federal Republic of Germany, and the United Kingdom. European Journal of Epidemiology, Vol 6, #2: 124-135.

[d1] R.F. Wykoff, C.W. Heath, S.L. Hollis, S.T. Leonard, C.B. Quiller, J.L. Jones, M. Artzrouni, R.L. Parker (1988) The use of contact tracing to identify human immunodeficiency virus infection in a rural community. Journal of the American Medical Association, 259, 24: 3563-3566.

e. Economics, history
[e7] M. Artzrouni and F. Tramontana (2014) The debt trap: a two compartment train wreck...and how to avoid it, Journal of Policy Modeling, 36: 241-256.

[e6] M. Artzrouni (2009) The Mathematics of Ponzi Schemes, Mathematical Social Sciences, Vol 58, no 2: 190-201.

[e5] J. Komlos et M. Artzrouni (2003) Un modèle démo-économique de la Révolution Industrielle, Economies et Sociétés, Série "Histoire économique quantitative", AF, no 30, 10/2003. 1807-1821.

[e4] M. Artzrouni and J. Komlos (1996) The formation of the European state system: A spatial predatory model. Historical Methods, Vol 29, No 3: 126-134.

[e3] J. Komlos and M. Artzrouni (1995) Ein Simulationsmodell der Industriellen Revolution.Vierteljahrschrift für Sozial- und Wirtschaftsgeschichte, 81, 3:324-338.

[e2] J. Komlos and M. Artzrouni (1990) Mathematical investigations of the escape from the Malthusian trap. Mathematical Population Studies, 2 (4): 269-287.

[e1] M. Artzrouni and J. Komlos (1985) Population growth through history and the escape from the Malthusian trap: a homeostatic simulation model. Genus, 41, 3-4: 21-39.

f. Miscellaneous (epistemology)
[f1] M. Jarry and M. Artzrouni (2008) Un hommage à Jean-Paul Gouteux: la randonnée d'un biologiste au pays des mathématiques in "Modèles, Simulations, Systèmes", J.J. Kupiec, G. Lecointre, M. Silberstein and F. Varenne (Eds.); Editions Syllepse, Paris. No3, 271-282.

PUBLISHED PROCEEDINGS
M. Artzrouni (2003) Chaotic dynamical systems, deceptive computers, and new instructional technologies, Monografias del Seminario Matematico Garcia de Galdeano, 27: 89:95. Jaca, Sept 2001.

Komlos and M. Artzrouni (1992) Etude mathématique de la sortie de trappe malthusienne. INED. Congrès et Colloques No 11.

J. Komlos and M. Artzrouni (1989) Mathematical investigations of the escape from the Malthusian trap. In published proceedings of the workshop on Reconstitution and Dynamics of Past Populations, organized by the National Institute for Demographic Studies, Paris, France. June 2-4 1989.

J. Komlos and M. Artzrouni (1986) From Malthus to Boserup: a homeostatic simulation model of population growth through history, in "Modeling and Simulation", Proceedings of the Seventeenth Annual Pittsburgh Conference, Edited by R. Hanham, W.G. Vogt, and M. H. Mickle, Volume 17, Part 1, 269-273.

RECENT TALKS
A deterministic/stochastic model of HIV transmission in high activity groups: Application to the client/sex worker populations of Sub-Saharan Africa. Talk given at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine. May 12, 2008.

Le rôle des probabilités des transmission dans la propagation du VIH/SIDA chez les prostituées/clients d'Afrique Sub-Saharienne: une confrontation des approches déterministe et stochastique. Talk given at Centre d'analyse et de mathématique sociales, Paris (CNRS-EHESS, UMR 8557), 18 March 2008.

CONFERENCES (organized, attended, etc)
PAPERS PRESENTED
Are average male and female numbers of lifetime sexual partners equal? (With E. Deuchert). CNRS/ANR conference on Sustainable Development: Demographic, Energy and Inter-generational Aspects; University of Strasbourg, November 28-29, 2008.

Time-varying linear processes: application to the population dynamics of tsetse flies, 14th ILAS Conference, Shanghai, 16-20 July, 2007.

An individual-based model for the spread of heterosexual HIV; Thirteen years of African trypanosomiasis modeling: A tribute to JP Gouteux (1948-2006). Talks given as Invited Speaker at the EPIMATH workshop on "Mathematical and Computer Modeling of Infectious Diseases". Brazzaville, Congo Brazzaville, 5-10 March 2007.

A density-dependent model of the population dynamics of tse-tse flies: application to trapping experiements. Invited speaker at the international Biomathematics conference organised by the African Network for Development-Related Mathematics - Brazzaville, Congo Brazzaville, 10-15 december 2004.

A density-dependent model of the population dynamics of tse-tse flies: application to trapping experiements. Invited speaker at Fifth Annual Meeting of the African Network for Development-Related Mathematics - Dakar, 2-8 August 2004. Also, workshop to train local public health officials in the use of the UNAIDS software for national HIV/AIDS projections.

A linear migration model for the diffusion of euro coins. Invited speaker, Eurodif2002, Madrid, 28-30 April 2003, Polytechnic Institute of Madrid.

Chaotic dynamical systems, deceptive computers, and new instructional technologies. Jaca, Espagne, bi-annual Pau-Jaca conference in applied mathematics and statistics. 18 sept. 2001.

The local coefficient of ergodicity of a nonnegative matrix, 8th Annual ILAS Conference, Barcelona, 19-22 juillet 1999.

A two-sex Demographic Model of the Heterosexual Spread of HIV. « Measurement of risk and modelling the spread of AIDS », IUSSP Workshop, Copenhagen, Danemark, 1er juin-4 juin, 1998.

A Non-linear Demographic Model of a Heterosexually Transmitted Disease with Vertical Transmission : Application to HIV in Africa. Conference on « Non-linear Models in Demography », organized by the Max-Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany, 26-28 may 1998.

On Inhomogeneous products of Leslie matrices : Application to the Case of Slowly Varying Perron Vectors. (Poster). Annual meeting of the Population Association of America, Washington, DC, USA, 27-29 mars 1997.

Of Flies and Men: A compartmental model of sleeping sickness in Central Africa. (with J.P. Gouteux). Presented at Fourth International Conference on Mathematical Population Dynamics, Houston, Texas, May 23-27, 1995.

Population Association of America (PAA): "Discussant - Organizer" for session on Models of population dynamics. Annual meeting of PAA, Miami, May 5-7, 1994.

"A modeled time-varying density function for the incubation period of AIDS" Presented at the Third International Conference on Population Dynamics, Pau, France, June1-5, 1992.

Discussant at the session on "Mathematical Demography" at the Annual Meeting of the Population Association of America. Denver, CO; April 29-May 1, 1992.

Organizer, Chair, and Discussant of the session "Socio-economic models of population growth: from extinction to bifurcation" at the Annual Meeting of the Population Association of America. Toronto, Canada; May 3-5, 1990.

"Long-term projections of the HIV/AIDS epidemic for homosexual/bisexual men and intravenous drug users in five European countries", presented at the Annual Meeting of the Population Association of America. Toronto, Canada; May 3-5, 1990.

"Projections of the HIV/AIDS epidemic for homosexual/bisexual men and intravenous drug users in five European countries" (with G. Heilig) presented at the IIASA/INED workshop on Modelling the Spread of HIV/AIDS and its Demographic and Social Consequences, Budapest, Hungary, November 23-24, 1989.

"A two-state infective-age structured model for the spread of AIDS in the USA" (with R. Wykoff) presented in poster form at IV International Conference on AIDS, Stockholm, Sweden, June 12-16, 1988. Abstract #4695 page 235 of program.

"Mathematical investigations of the escape from the Malthusian trap", (with J. Komlos) presented at the workshop on Reconstitution and Dynamics of Past Populations, organized by the National Institute for Demographic Studies, Paris, France. June 2-4, 1989.

"A two-state age-structured model for the spread of AIDS in the United States", presented at the 12th Annual SEAS-SIAM meeting, The University of Tennessee Space Institute, Tullahoma, Tennessee, March 11-12, 1988.

"Empirical explorations of closed-form approximations for the dynamics of a population with slowly changing vital rates", presented at the Annual Meeting of the Population Association of America. Chicago, IL, April 30 - May 2, 1987.

"From Malthus to Boserup: a homeostatic simulation model of population growth through history", presented by co-author John Komlos at the Modeling and Simulation Conference, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, April 25-26, 1986.

"Generalized equilibria in multistate demographic systems: a graph-theoretic approach", presented at the Annual Meeting of the Population Association of America. San Francisco, CA, April 3-5, 1986.

"On the dynamics of a generalized stable population: application to the United States" and "Population growth through history and the escape from the Malthusian trap: a homeostatic simulation model", presented at the General Conference of the International Union for the Scientific Study of Population. Florence, Italy, June 5-12, 1985.

"Conditions for asymptotically exponential solutions of linear difference equations with variable coefficients", presented at the Second SIAM Conference on Applied Linear Algebra. Raleigh, NC, April 29-May 2, 1985.

"Generalized stable population theory", presented at the Annual Meeting of the Population Association of America, Minneapolis, MN, May 3-5, 1984.

BOOK REVIEWS
Nonhomogeneous Matrix Products, by D.J. Hartfiel. SIAM Reviews, Vol 4, No 1, p.133-134. (2003).

Multiregional Demography: Principles, Methods and Extensions, by Andrei Rogers. Mathematical Population Studies, 6; 4: 331-333 (1997).

La dynamique des populations: populations stables, semi-stables, et quasi-stables, by Jean Bourgeois-Pichat
Population Studies, Vol. 50, No. 2, 280-281(1996).

Formal Demography, by David P. Smith. Mathematical Population Studies, 3; 4: 305-306 (1992).

Matrix Population Models, by Hal Caswell. Mathematical Population Studies, 2; 2:167-168 (1990).

Deterministic Aspects of Mathematical Demography by John Impagliazzo. Mathematical Population Studies, 1;1:127-130 (1988).

CONSULTING
During Fall 1988 I worked with the New York State Department of Health (in Albany) on the modeling of the future course of AIDS in the state. I spent a day in Albany (September 20) during which I made a presentation for the state health authorities on my projections of AIDS in the state. I wrote a user-friendly computer software (HIVAIDS90) to forecast the number of AIDS cases. This model is described in M. Artzrouni (1990).